Page 4                                               FAYETTEVILLE (ARK.) DEMOCRAT                         Tuesday, July 3,  1928


    Home Where Cuch
     played `Tongue of Devil`
                Is Honored

   The home where William Ques-
enbury (pronounced Cushenberry)
the famous "Bill Cuch" of early
days, played his violin, wielded his
painter's brush and cracked jokes
with his famed old associates is to
be honored Thursday in an unveil-
ing program of the historic site
marker placed there. A picture of
this building is to be found on page
        Served Under Yell
   Major Quesenbury served in
Company F, First regiment,
Home of the University of
Arkansas which annually
reaches more than 5,000 persons
with instruction.
Home of the Western
Methodist Assembly sponsor-
ed by 300,000 Methodists of
five states.
Site for Arkansas' National
Cemetery in which are buried
victims of the Civil War who
wore the Blue, Veterans,
G.A.R., World War heroes.
Site for Arkansas' Confederate
Cemetery wherein sleep her
Heroes in Gray.


    (Copied from Hearld and   Arkansas Volunteers, under Col.   Site of the Battle of Fayetteville      It is not every election that the
    Democrat of Benton County)   Archibald Yell, in the Mexican   one of the bloodiest of the Civil   voters of a Congressional District
  In a recent editorial from the Har-   War. At that time he was company   War.   have the privilege of voting for a
rison Times, which has all the ear-   bugler. He also was secretary to   Capital of the County of Wash-   candidate for Congressman who is
marks of having been writen by   General Albert Pike at the time the   ington, 100 years old last year.   as clean, capable and conscient-
Karl Greenhaw, the argument is   latter perfected a treaty between   Home of the first Masonic   ious as Karl Greenhaw of Boone
advanced that Judge Tillman and   the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw   Lodge in Arkansas.   County. He is a young man with
his friends should not support   and several other Indian tribes,   Site of the world's biggest post   his life before him who is destined
Claude Fuller for Congress, for the   and the Confederate government   companies.   to make an enviable record of
reason that Fuller sued Judge Till-   in 1861. A copy of this treaty,   Site of one of the biggest spoke   achievement. He served three
man and they had a bitter cam-   bearing the signatures of Pike and   plants in the world.   terms as Prosecuting Attorney of
paign. The article is just a little   Quesenbury, is in the national mu-   Center of the Ozark and North-   this district with much credit to
short of mud-slinging and egotism.   seum at Washington.   west Arkansas fruit, berry and   himself and left a high record of
   The Harrison Times need not            Was Prince of Wits   canning industries.   proficiency in office.
worry about Judge Tillman and      In 1854 the Southwest Indepen-   Home of a Garment Factory      One thing that may be said of
most of his friends being against   dent, which was to gain no little   that has annual payroll of   Greenhaw is that in his practices he
Greenhaw. The campaign of four   notoriety on account of its bold-   $210,000 and that makes more   does not resort to the nefarious
years ago is past history, in which   ness and humor, came into being   than a quarter of a million gar-   tactics and chicanery commonly
many errors were possibly com-   under Quesenbury, editor and   ments a year.   followed by the professional polit-
mitted by all candidates.   publisher, prince of wits, and   Center of a 7,000 grape acre-   ician. He has loyal supporters by
   There are many reasons that   chief cartoonist of the paper   age from which is expected a   the hundreds all over the district,
could be advanced as to why              *===========*   million dollar grape crop.   but he has no paid healers, hench-
Judge Tillman and his friends   OLDEST USED MILL IN U. S.   Center of canning area which   men and bosses looking after his
would not support Greenhaw.    IN WASHINGTON COUNTY   puts up eight major and minor   interests on a business basis. He is
Possibly they think Mr. Greenhaw      The mill-stone from Washington   crops a year at estimated   pleading his case before a jury of
does not start to have the ability of   County's first mill, chiselled out in   income of $1,080,000 and pay-   honest voters.
Mr. Fuller, or possibly they do not   1829 by Peter Pyeatt, is still in   roll of $500,000.      Boone county will support
approve of Greenhaw's war   existence. The stone was used in   Center of a territory shipping   Greenhaw by an overwhelming
record, or his actions in some in-   the mill below Mark Bean Springs   annually two million and a half   majority. The voters of his home
stances and his lack of action in   near Cane Hill, which antedated   dollars worth of poultry and   county know him and believe in
other instances while prosecuting   by many years the present Cane   eggs, that is the oldest shipping   him. He came within a few hundred
attorney and that he does not   Hill mill, oldest in the United States   point in the state and that sends   votes of being elected before in
reflect the ideas of the Tillman   still being operated.   to a territory as far away as   spite of the fact that the Democrat-
supporters. Then, too, they may  


  South Africa.   ic party in Boone county was split
conclude that while he openly in      Judge Mitchell's vote of 4000   Center of a bread-eating terr-   wide open with two primaries and
his speeches apparently mad a   four years ago came off of Mr.   itory that bakes 4,500 loaves of   another opponent in the race from
clean canvass two years ago, that   Fuller, while Mr. McFerrin's vote   bread a day.   his home county. Had the Demo-
quietly he made false statements   of 2400 two years ago came off of   A telephone business center that   cratic vote in Boone County been
reflecting upon Judge Tillman, and   Judge Tillman. Had McFerrin not   pays an annual phone bill of   united in support of his candidacy
we predict now, that in his desper-   run two years ago, Mr. Greenhaw   $84,000 of which $32,000 is   two years ago as it is this year,
ation he will pursue the same old   would not have run within hearing   for long distance calls, mostly   Greenhaw would now be running
tactics against Mr. Fuller.   distance of Judge Tillman. Besides   business.   for re-election instead of for his
   At any rate this is a new race in   Judge Tillman was really sick in the   A community having a creamery   first term.-Boone County Headlight
which Mr. Fuller is due to win. All   last race and did not attempt to   with $75,000 gross income and  


of his former strength, which most-   make a real canvass.   turning out 75 tons of butter,   Everything for your outing. Open
ly supported Mr. Greenhaw two      The statement that Greenhaw   mostly on student labor.   tonight-closed tomorrow.
years ago, are back in his camp   will sweep the six lower counties is   Home of the "world's best hard-     Bates Brothers-Picnic Outfitters
and supporting him to a man. Ben   preposterous. His weakness is in   wood handles, mostly hickory,"    
McFerrin and his friends are again-   these counties. He lost three of   sent by local factory to every    
st Greenhaw, as is true of 95 per-   them two years ago, while Mr.   portion of the globe.  


cent of the Mitchell support,   Fuller is strong there and always   Home of A.Z. Vassar, plant  


besides a big majority of Judge   carried these counties, and he will   wizard and friend of Burbank,    
Tillman's friends in these four   this time in addition to the four in   who carries on botanical work      To insure publication letters in-
counties.   this end of the District.   of interest to all scientists.   tended for the People's column
       The Herald and Democrat,   Home of autoist and radio fans   must avoid personalities. Letters
                 Benton County.   who use 150,000 battery   from the people in constructive
        chargings a year.   discussion of public matters are




  One town that still has a village   received and printed gladly always.
        blacksmith in the heart of its   Letters written in the spirit of
        business section.   personal criticism will not be
           CLASSIFIED ADS       Home of two ice plants that   published, nor will anonymous
        operate six factories in one with   letters be printed.
                     and       a $200,000 annual gross busi-    
        ness and payrolls for from 60 to  


                  Markets       90 people.    
Kansas City Produce, Livestock       Site of a Local Glands Products    
        company, only one of its kind in    
        the South, turning out half a    
        million "gland-sules" annually.    


Peter Mankins Rode   daughter of Grand-Dad Mankins.      Son a Slave Trader,      As a stock dealer, he drove
      12 Miles Horseback   Her sister, Jennie Wilson, wife of                    Gold Digger   great herds of cattle from Colo-
           at 111 to See Train   D. L. Wilson, of Baldwin, is the       rado near the Texas line to Chica-
    only other known descendent in      "Old Peter" Mankins, son of   go, and hogs from his home in
  To see his first train, 111 year old   this country.   Grand-Dad, was a picturesque   Washington county to within 150
"Grand-Dad" Peter Mankins rode      Tradition has it that the father of   slave trader, gold prospector, and   miles of New Orleans. In 1857 he
to Fayetteville from Sulphur City   Grand-Dad Mankins, also named   soldier. He grew to manhood in   sold $34,000 worth of cattle to
12 miles away on July 4, 1881. On   Peter, came over from England as   Kentucky, and came with a man   the United States agent.
this date the Frisco railroad ran its   a stowaway, when he was 12   named George Lewis to Arkansas      In 1861 he organized a comp-
first train to this city, and hundreds   years old, and was picked up from   shortly before his parents made   any of 84 men as state troops.
of people from miles around came   under a tree on the shore after he   the trip. In '49 he followed the   Brook's regiment, and purchased
to see the first steam monster that   landed. Grand-Dad Mankins was   gold rush across the great desert   clothing for 64 of them at a cost
ever penetrated the Ozarks.   born in Maryland, September 19,   to California. One lump which he   of $550. In 1863 he swam the
   Among them was Grand-Dad   1770. He married Mrs. Rachel   found was valued at $416, and   Arkansas river with 300 men
Mankins, whose picture is now on   Bracken Lewis in North Carolina.   when he returned home in 1851,   shooting at him.
display at the Centennial museum   He also pioneered in Kentucky,   his pockets were lined with      He was at one time the wealth-
and reprinted on page 1 of the   and Illinois before he came to   $3,750 in gold, one seventh of   est man in the White river valley,
Democrat. It has been lent by   Arkansas in 1833, locating on a   what he and his companions had   but lost most of his money during
T. L. Roberts, husband of Mollie   farm on White river, southeast of   found.   the Civil War.
J. Strain Roberts, great grand   Fayetteville.        














The early settlers arrive in covered wagons and
with pack horses. Among thm are Mr. and Mrs.William Skelton and family, Mr. and Mrs. Hezekiah Appleby, Major and Mrs. Burnside, Mr. and Mrs. William McGarrah, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Banks, Mr. and Mrs. Aleck Stanfield, and young David Walker. They bring with the a few negro slaves, represented by Siebe and Silvia Tuttle and Lee Harris. They view the hills and having decided to settle, they unloaded their packs and wagons. With steadfast courage they establish homes and firesides.
(The characters are represented for the most
part by descendants of these first families.)

                       EPISODE II
No sooner are the few homes established than
four commissioners appointed by the Arkansas
Territorial Legislature arrive with surveyors who
stake out the county seat and mark off the town
lots. The auctioneer comes on and the famous
auction of lots takes place.

                    EPISODE III
    The Development of Agriculture and Horticulture.

From earliest days Fayetteville has been closely
related to the rural life and products of the sur-
rounding country. Home consumption of her
people and business as well are constantly enriched by the gifts of agriculture and horti- culture.
Through improved roads and transportation and through intelligent application of scientific methods the old fashioned farming and marketing have developed into a well organized system yielding better profits and greater happiness to the rural home. According to statiticians Washington county today produces per year from poultry an income of $2,640,000; from apples, strawberries, and grapes combined $1,263,815; from dairy products and live stock $529,418; from canned goods $800,000. Such a contribution can only
bring prosperity, peace, and contentment to a
people and a community. Such subject is now
the business of our stage.

                     EPISODE IV
            The Development of Business

From the single store doing business on the
Square in 1828, Fayetteville has grown into 481separate and district businesses with total bank deposits today of over five million dollars. Fayetteville has from earliest days been recog- nized for her substantial business houses and business men. Such forces supply not only necessities of life but luxuries as well, both of which bring peace and happiness to more than ten thousand people.
Such steady and prophetic growth we here depict.

         Interlude--Statehood Contribution

Six governors, four congressmen, four supreme
court justices, two secretaries of state, one at-
torney general, two-commissioners of agriculture are Fayetteville's record of men of state and national importance. The governors-Archibald Yell, Isaac Murphy, Charles H. Brough, James E.Throckmorton, governor of Texas, 1866; C. N. Haskell, firist governor of Oklahoma; Julius Gunter, governor of Colorado, The Congressmen
  --Archibald Yell, T. M. Gunter, Hugh A. Dinsmore,
J. N. Tillman. The supreme court justices--David Walker, William S. Oldham, T. Hadden Humphreys, and Lafayette Gregg. The secretaries of state--John I. Stirman, Elias B. Moore. The at-
torney general--J. D. Walker. The commissioners
of mines, manufactures and agriculture--Frank
Hill, W. G. Vincenheller.

                      EPISODE V
          The Development of Industries

At many places in sight of Fayetteville, Indians
chipped out their arrow-heads, moulded their
pottery and ground their grain in stone pestles.
Succeeding them our forefathers with hand tools
wrought bench, table, chair and handle. Through
the years power and invention have developed
mill, foundry and factory. Wheels whir, saws rip,
hammers ring on beam and anvil. Industry ex-
acts from forest vast timbers, from the soil vege-
tables and fruits for the factories and from the
hands of her laborers, garments for the clothing of
a people. Such power and progress we now pre-

                   EPISODE VI
      The Development of the Professions

Law in the history of man sprang from a com-
mon need because of the overlapping of primal
privilege and expansive purpose. To prescribe
limitations, to protect inherent rights, to direct
the mind to a behavior dictated by abstract
justice have ever been the province of law.
The stability of legal procedure has given
justice and society strong and continuous
principles of conduct. Men versed in such
wisdom came when Fayetteville's thresholds
were few and growing demands have through-
out the years kept alive their social influence
in the persons of notable lawyers, such as
Judge David Walker, W. D. Reagan, A. M.
Wilson, Jas. R. Pettigrew, E. C. Boudinot,
Col. T M Gunter, Judge Lafayette Gregg,
Col A. S. Vandeventer, White Walker,
R. I. Stirman, J. D. Walker, J. V. Walker,
Col. Hugh A. Dinsmore, Col. E. P. Watson,
J. N. Tillman, R. J. Wilson, Major B.R
Davidson, Fayetteville's oldest living lawyer
of longest practice.
  Though settled in a healthful climate our
people have of course needed medical attention
and as needs justified, the doctor came. From
earliest days the physicians of Fayetteville have
been a social force not only in our own
community, but in the state at large. Among
the notable ones are Dr. T. J. Pollard,
Dr. James Stevenson, Dr. R. J. Carroll, Dr.       B. F. Fortner, Dr. C. S. Gray, Dr. W.
B. Welch, Dr. W. N. Yates, Dr. Otey Miller.
It was through Dr. H. D. Wood, Dr. R. J.
Carroll and Dr. W. B. Welch that the
Washington County Medical Society was
organized. Through organized medicine and
the advancement of science Fayetteville is
now supplied with a thoroughly equipped
hospital, a corps of able physicians, surgeons,
dentist and specialits, aided by skillful and
well trained nurses whose interest now lies both in curative and preventive medicine. Supported

With the first settlers come the negro slaves of
antebellum days. Their descendants living
in Fayetteville have contributed to the growth
of the community. Such population we here
represent in the old time negro spirituals sung
by residents of Fayetteville.

                    EPISODE VII
         The Development of Religion

Riding up river levels, and along rugged divides,
missionaries were among the first men to sight
the glories of our land. In the rude raiment of the
times, riding far and hard they met scattered faithfuls and isolated needs. Under trees and brush arbors, and in log homes they sang and prayed and proclaimed the Gospel. Indeed it was in the blacksmith shop of John Lewis that the first church of Fayetteville was organized in 1830 by Rev. John Buchanan of Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Soon was organized a class of twelve members of the American Bible Society.
Under vastly different conditions, men of God
still proclaim the Gospel. The messages are not
different, since they voice the eternal. The people and the messengers are new, worshipping today in fifteen well organized churches with substantial buildings and highly developed departments of religious endeavor. Such matter under the guidance of the
spirit of the church we now portray.

                    EPISODE VIII
          The Development of Education.

The development of religion and education
has been and still is a steady and vital force
in Fayetteville's history. The educational urge
asserted itself in 1839 when Miss Sophie
Sawyer, a most cultivated New England
woman and missionary to the Indians,
founded the Female Seminary on West
Mountain Street. The school was open to
young women and girls of the local com-
munity which with the earlier Cherokee
Indian girls increased the enrollment to
one hundred. Manners and morals were
the chief subjects in the curriculum. The
Civil War brought the school to a sudden close.
   The ravages of war also forced the Arkansas
College to close its doors. Rev. Robert
Graham, the founder, as a site for his college
purchased in 1851 "ten acres of land in the
northeastern section of the town." The
Christian Church and President Futrall's home
now occupy part of this northeastern tract on College Avenue. The schoolwas open to young men who under the influence of Rev. Graham and Rev. William Baxter developed into some of the best young men of the state and community.
   The Henderson school, named after Circuit
Superintendent Henderson, was erected in
1866 by the American Missionary Society.
Judge Lafayette Gregg and his wife gave the
site on which the building now stands. The
school was for several years taught by
white teachers, Miss Clara Henderson

(Continued on page 5a)


Page 5


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