Page 8 FAYETTEVILLE (ARK.) DEMOCRAT Tuesday, July 3, 1928
| First Settlers
To This Section
Here in 1826-28
Earliest settlements in Washington county and Fayetteville began in 1826-28 at Evansville and Cane Hill and extended in the same direction to Fayetteville. First families of the county included the Buchanans, Pyeatts, and Carnahans. James and Jacob Pyeatt in 1811 set out from Northern Alabama in company with James and Samuel Carnahan, sons of Rev. John Carna- han, embarking in flat-boats, and floated down the Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, worked their way to Crystal Hill, Arkansas. All were natives of Kentucky, from Tennessee and Virginia stock who had gone to Alabama to locate on Indian lands which they found not open. As soon as Washington County was formed in 1827 they and their descendants removed to Cane Hill and their descendants since have been among the best people of Northwestern Arkansas. The Buchanans were from Tennessee. There were six brothers,
John, Andrew, Robert, James, Alexander and Isaac.
The Billingsleys, together with
Charles Adams, and Samuel Williams came from Tennessee to Arkansas Post in 1814 and in 1816 located on Big Mulberry. Two years later they moved to Fort Smith and in 1828 came to Washington County.
Other first influential families included those of: Robert, Aaron and Joel Park who lived in 1828 on the Fayetteville Road not far from White Church; William Woody, Hay Crawford, William Maxwell, Henry F. Campbell, William Wri- ght, Isaac Spencer, Levi Richards, James Mitchell, A.Whinnery, Charles McClellan, Joseph and Benjamin Garvin.
In 1831 L. C. Blakemore came from
Sumner County, Tenn., and located in Fayetteville. Early settlers included also G. A. Pettigrew, Jossiah Trent, David Reese, Ralph Skelton, John Hart. John Conner, a Georgian, in 1827 came to this section. He found John Alexander,
James Simpson, Hugh Shannon and John and William McGarrah. His daughter married A. W. Arrington and with her husband taught the first school in Fayetteville.
Cherokees Here 1806;
In 1828 Yield Land
For "Lovely County"
As early as 1806 Cherokee Indians were living in the White River section of Washington County, Arkansas. It is said they usually camped on the "elevation south of Fayetteville which was then destitute of trees, on an iso- lated hill that commanded a view for miles, where they were protected from attack from their old enemies, the Osages.*"
The first Indian treaty was made
and concluded on November 10,
1808 between Pierre Choteau, agent for the Osages, and Big and Little Osage chiefs of Fort Clark, in the then Territory of Louisiana.
By treaty in 1828 the Cherokees
exchanged this territory occupied by them between White River and the Arkansas (now Washington county) for that west of the present state line, the part lost by them embracing the greater part of Lovely County (Washington County) which by force of the treaty was abolished.
Frank Pierce First White Man
The first recorded explorer to this
section was Frank Pierce who in
1819 came up White River trapping and hunting. Reaching West Fork he ascended that stream to within two miles of Fayetteville where he discov- ered buffalo. In attempting to shoot one of these for meat he saw a band of Indians. He lowered his gun without firing, dropped under the bank and retired for the night under friendly shelter of a large elm. In 1828 he came back and settled near the place where nine years before he had spent the night in hiding.
*Goodspeeds History of Washington County, Ark.
| Washington County,
of 569,600 Acres, Is
Richest in the State
Washington County embraces 27
townships and an area of 569,600
acres, divided almost equally into
valleys, plateaux and inclined surfaces or terraces.
Its land is considered the richest
in the state and its crops the most
An idea of the general surface may be gained by considering the county to have once been a rolling plateau with, for its southeastern, eastern and western margins, the Boston Mountains and their several branches; then allowing Fayetteville's region to be the highest
point, with gentle slopes of the county to the northwest and northeast, you have White River on the east and the Illinois River on the west, both with a bewildering network of tributaries washing out among the plateaus, the terraces and valleys, giving somewhat 'islanded' appearance.
1731 Feet Above the Sea
What is known as the East
Heights at Fayetteville has an altitude of 1731 feet above sea level while some valleys probably are not more than 1000 feet above the sea.
Drainage is even and streams are
fed almost entirely from splendid
springs which burst from the mountain ledges in some cases affording excel-
lent water power at their source.
Cherty barren limestone and black
shale are found in quantity, but all
structures have been discovered, in
geology, few regions anywhere show- ing the diversity observed in Washing- ton County, believed by scientists to be the site-with per- haps one exception-of the oldest mountains in the world.
Has Many Minerals
A great variety of mineral resources, result of early igneous disturbances give to the strata of Washington county, its dips.
It is estimated that 60 percent of
the whole area is timber land leading woods being white oak, hickory, red oak, post oak, walnut, ash, elder, elm, dog-wood, locust and maple.
At Fayetteville natural gas has been found in three different places and noted as early as 1889 at depth of from 90 to 225 feet.
Coal is plentiful although this has
not been developed.
Agricultural products are corn,
wheat, grasses, clover, oats, potatoes, sorghum and tobacco. Cotton grows well but is seldom planted as the ground is more valuable for other crops. Horticulturally, the county is particularly striking, producing apples that have taken first premiums at world fairs wherever exhibited, peaches, grapes, pears, plums, cherries, berries and other small fruit. Onions, cabbage, turnips and tomatoes are shipped. Lately acreage of green peas for can-ning and shipping have been planted.
Poultry, eggs, livestock bring in
wealth annually. In 1889 there were 150,477 acres of public land in the county, 80,000 of this being govern- ment land; assessed value of all lands taxed was $2,662,309; total assessed value of real estate and personal pro-perty, $4,098,626 .22; total revenue collected in the county in 1887 was $78,029.16.
Today total assessed value of real
and personal property is $13,359,-
779; total assessed value of lands is $5,123,575 and total taxes collected in the county, $430,785 .76.
Homespun over 100 years old made by Mrs. Mary Skelton, mother of Mrs. Polly Skelton Logan, is on display here.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* First Six White Men *
* In Washington County *
* John Alexander. *
* Two McGarrahs. *
* Two Simpsons *
* One Shannon *
* In 1826, before the treaty was *
* made giving white people the *
* right to settle in what is now *
* Washington County, the above *
* with their families moved here. *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
The only portrait of Albert Pike
painted when he was in his 40ties,
and work of Edwin P. Washburn,
is owned by Miss Sue Walker of
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