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Brief History of Arkansas

In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase was acquired by the United States, and, in 1819, Arkansas was organized as a territory. Its northern, eastern and southern borders were the same as they are now, but to the west, some of what is now Oklahoma was included. Two years later, in 1821, the territorial capital was moved from Arkansas Post to Little Rock.

By 1836, the Arkansas Territory had the 60,000 residents required to become a state, and after writing an acceptable constitution, was declared the 25th state in the United States.

At the approach of the Civil War it was one of several states that seceded from the Union in May of 1861. When the war ended, Arkansas was readmitted in 1868. Like most southern states, the reconstruction period for Arkansas was turbulent. The depression of the 1930s hurt the state's cotton economy and many farmers left. The second world war brought further population loss as men went to work in war factories in other parts of the country but the war promoted new industries within the state and especially aluminum related businesses.

The Capitol of Arkansas is Little Rock. The Arkansas economy today is dominated by agriculture. Cotton, soybeans, corn and rice are a few of the successful crops grown in the region. The State Bird of Arkansas is the Mockingbird and the State Flower is the Apple Blossom.

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Jeff Kemp - Asst. State Coordinator
Sundee Anderson - Asst. State Coordinator
Gina Heffernan -
AR Archives Coordinator


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